Essential Reading

1.  The 9th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution:  “The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.”

2.  The 10th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution:  “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”

3.  Article I, Section 26, of the LA Constitution:  “The people of this state have the sole and exclusive right of governing themselves as a free and sovereign state; and do, and forever hereafter shall, exercise and enjoy every power, jurisdiction, and right, pertaining thereto, which is not, or may not hereafter be, by them expressly delegated to the United States of America in congress assembled.”

4.  The Louisiana State Sovereignty Resolution (

5.  The Kentucky Resolution of 1798, by Thomas Jefferson (

6.  The Virginia Resolution of 1798, by James Madison (

7.  The Fort Hill Address of 1831, by John C. Calhoun (

8.  The Sovereign States, by J. J. Kilpatrick (

9.  Quadragesimo Anno, by Pope Pius IX, Paragraphs 78-80 (

10.  The Constitution of the United States (

11.  The Constitution of Louisiana (

12.  The Declaration of Independence (